Generation Nº 2

Sir Isaac NEWTON

Sir Isaac Newton's father (also named Isaac Newton), born in 1606 the youngest of four sons, died before his son's birth a few months after his marriage to Hannah Ayscough, a daughter of James Ayscough of Market Overton. His brother, Richard, was the oldest. Sir Isaac was born prematurely Dec. 25 1642 (Julian Calandar) and died 31 March 1727 (Gregorian Calandar) at Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, Eng. His father was a farmer near Grantham, England, and died before Isaac was born. When Newton was 2 years old, his mother, married the Rev. Barnabas Smith, Rector of North Witham. Isaac went to school in Grantham and to Trinity College in Cambridge.
In his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, Isaac Newton described Universal Gravitation and discovered reflecting telescopes. He was the most remarkable mathematician and natural philosopher of his time, or perhaps of any age. He was a member of the English Parliament from 1689 to 1695 and 1701, Master of the Mint 1699 to 1727, and President of the Royal Society from 1703 until his death. In 1699 he was elected a foreign associate of the Academy of Sciences, and in 1703 received the honor of Knighthood from Queen Ann.
Among the best editions of Isaac Newton's principal works are the Quarto Edition of the Optics (London, 1704) and the Quarto Edition of The Principia (Cambridge 1713). Newton was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a monument was erected to his memory in 1731. A full-length statue was erected in 1755 in the anti-chapel of Trinity College. The face of the statue was very accurate because of the Death Mask preserved in the University library at Cambridge.

(Paper clipping quote) Sir Isaac Newton, famous English scientist and discoverer of the law of gravity also served as Director of the Mint, and was instrumental in Britain's adopting the gold standard. (21 shillings to a pound) in 1717.


Before a member of the Colony could exercise the right of sufferage or hold any public office he must be a Freeman by the general or quarterly court. The applicant must be of age, hold a certain amount of property, and was required to produce evidence that he was a member of some Congregational Church. This regulation was modified in 1664 by Royal order and at the time of the Revolution in England (1688) the practice of becoming a Freeman ceased.

The Freeman's Oath was the first paper printed in New England, printed in Cambridge Massachusetts, by Stephen Day, in 1639. There is no known copy of the original. Below is one version of the Freeman's Oath. It changed slightly from providence to providence.

"I (A.B.) being by Gods providence, an Inhabitant, and Freeman, within the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth; do freely acknowledge my self to be subject to the Government thereof: And therefore do here swear by the great and dreadful Name of the Ever-living God, that I will be true and faithfull to the same, and will accordingly yield assistance & support thereunto, with my person and estate, as in equity I am bound; and will also truly endeavor to maintain and preserve all the liberties and priviledges thereof, submitting my self to the wholesome Lawes & Orders made and established by the same. And further, that I will not plot or practice any and reveal the same to lawfull Authority now here established, for the speedy preventing thereof. Moreover, I doe solemnly bind my self in the sight of God, that when I shal be called to give my voyce touching any matter of this State, in which Freemen are to deal, I will give my vote and suffrage as I shall judge in mine own conscience may best conduce and tend to the publike weal of the body, So help me God in the Lord Jesus Christ."
Quoted from: Major John Childe, New England's Jonas 'cast up at' London (1647) to preserve the original orthography.


2. John Goodwin2, born 1719 in South Berwick ME. He was the son of Nathaniel Goodwin1 and Mary Tibbetts. He married Martha Nason, bpt. September 11, 1743, the daughter of Benjamin Nason.

Children of John and Martha (NASON) GOODWIN:

  i. Simeon Goodwin, bpt. September 11, 1743
  ii. Simeon Goodwin, married Dorcas EVANS, bpt. May 24, 1746
  iii. Andrew Goodwin, born January 01, 1749/50; married (1) Hannah STACKPOLE; married (2) Martha Estey.
  iv. John Goodwin, bpt. November 07, 17502
17. v. Capt. Benjamin Goodwin, married Deborah GOODWIN.
  vi. Mark Goodwin, bpt. February 02, 1751/522 married (1) Sarah GGOODWIN; married (2) Elizabeth Hutchins.
  vii. Martha Goodwin, married William ANDROS.
  viii. Patience Goodwin, married Joseph BRADBURY; died September 07, 1819.
  ix. Mary Goodwin, married Jacob BRADBURY, Jr. He was bpt. April 22, 1744
  x. Elizabeth Goodwin, married Robert PATTERSON, Jr. December 21, 1774 in Saco, ME. He was b. 1742 in Saco, ME.


4. Moses Newton2 (Richard1), was born Oct. 20, 1645, at Sudbury, Mass., and baptized March 26, 1646. He died at Southboro, on May 23, 1736.
Moses married at Marlboro, on Oct. 27, 1668 Joannah Larkin, daughter of Edward and Joanna Larkin of Charlestown, Mass., and sister of his brother John's wife. The date of her birth is not given, but it would be about 1645 or 46 as she is placed in the order of her parent's children. She died in Marlboro, Dec. 25, 1713. He married again in Marlboro, April 1714, to Sarah Joslin, who died Nov. 4. 1723.

Moses Newton received his portion of his father's estate during Richard's lifetime. It was probably part of the 30 acres granted to Richard for a house lot and was described in the will as bounded eastward by the land of my son Moses. The records also mention land granted to Moses Newton and some plate of land excepted, granted to Moses Newton. Sent a liberty to make use of the stream of Stony Brook and the use of the land about where his Iron Works are.

Many of the Newtons had been blacksmiths, gunsmiths, etc. (of Richard Newton's branch), workers in iron. The genius for it seems something inherent. They called them Smiths in those days and a Smith was an asset to the town one lived in. We do not know the nature of the iron works of Moses Sr., probably a smelter, blomary or a foundry. There has been iron ore found in the town.
Moses Newton Sr. was one of those who bought lands in the Indian Plantation and got illegal deeds. Some of this, 34 acres in all, he sold to Daniel Rice in 1700.
He became a Freeman April 18, 1690.

During the Indian wars, 1700 to 1713, Moses Newton Sr., his son Moses Jr. and John Newton, with their families were assigned to Isaac Howe's Garrison #6, which was on the road to Southboro, near the new Newton railroad station.
One account of an attack by Indians reads 'On a Sabbath when Mr. Brimstead was in sermon, Mar. 20, 1767, the worshipping assembly was suddenly disbursed by an out-cry of Indians at the door'. The confusion of the moment was increased by a fire from the enemy. But the God whom they were worshipping shielded their lives and limbs excepting the arm of one, Moses Newton, who was carrying an elderly and infirm woman to a place of safety.
In a few minutes they were sheltered in their fort. Their meeting house and many dwelling houses left without protection were burned, fruit trees were pilled and hacked, and other valuable effects rendered useless. This perpetuated the barbarity of the savages for many years after the inhabitants returned. Many left their farms until the seat of war was farther removed. Moses Newton received a ball in his elbow, from which affects he never fully recovered.
There are many deeds on record conveying lands to and from Moses Newton. He owned quite a large amount of land. He gave 230 acres to his five sons. He had 140 acres of homestead interest in another lot of land, location not given, Quonsiganiog Farm, and part interest in 160 acres conveyed in 1725.

Children of Moses and Joannah (LARKIN) NEWTON:

18. i. *Moses Jr. b Feb. 28, 1669 m. Sarah HOWE
  ii. David, b. March 12, 1672
  iii. Hannah B., b. Dec. 20, 1673
  iv. Edward, b. March 25, 1676
  v. Jonathan, b. Sept 23, 1679
  vi. Jacob, b. Jan 24, 1681
  vii. James, b. Jan 5, 1683
  viii. Mercy, b. Feb. 16, 1685


6. John Winchester Jr.2 (John1), born 1642, and died 1718. On Dec. 1691, John Winchester made an affidavit in which he said he was 48 years old. (Suffolk County Deeds, Boston.) Baptized in Hingham, June 2, 1644. (Hist. of Hingham, Mass., Vol. 3, p. 330.) He died in Brookline, Mass., 1717-18. His will in the Suffolk County Probate Records, Boston, Mass., was dated Jan. 29, 1717-18, and was probated Feb. 24, same year. In it he speaks of his wife, Joanna. Inventory of John Winchester, Jr., £1,006, 9 s. (Also Sewall's Diary, Vol. II, p.299.)
Husband to Joanna Stevens, he was a prominent man in the history of Brookline. By occupation he was a mason and a farmer. He was one of the first to sign a petition drawn up by Samuel Sewall for the separation of Muddy River from the parent town of Boston. The petition was granted in Nov. 1705, and from that date Muddy River took the name of Brookline. John Winchester Jr. was the first representative of Brookline to the Colonial Assembly of Massachusetts in 1709 and 1710. He was also constable, commissioner, and selectman and one of the founders of the Brookline Church in 1717. He was a soldier in King Philip's war and was stationed at the garrison of Punkapangue (now Canton) Mass. In the Cambridge proprietor's records May 18, 1699, mention is made of a highway to be laid out partly through the land of John Winchester in Cambridge. He owned land from the Cambridge road, now Harvard Street, to the top of Corey Hill, and his son, Capt. John, and his grandson Isaac held it till it passed to the Griggs family. (Winchester, a Favored Town, by C. R. Bolton, p. 30.)
John Winchester married, about 1672-3, Joanna STEVENS, daughter of Henry Stevens and his second wife, Mary Buckmaster (or Buckminster). Joanna was born May 28, 1652. Their first child, Joanna, was baptized Sept. 6, 1674. In regard to the marriage of John Winchester, Jr., Jackson's History of Newton mentions two wives, Joanna and Hannah, but Henry W. Cunningham of Boston, after careful research, is convinced that he only had one, Joanna Stevens, and that the Hannah mentioned by Jackson was undoubtedly his father's wife, who survived the latter about three years.

From: Roxbury Church and Land Records, 1881, p. 90:

Church members. 6m 1674. John Winchester, jun., and Joanna, his wife, John Druse and Mary his wife, solemnly owned ye Covenant.

Children of John and Joanna (STEVENS) WINCHESTER:

  i. Joanna W. Winchester, b. 1674, bpt. 6 Sept. 1674, married June 5, 1698, Joseph STEVENS. (Roxbury Church Records, p. 132.)
19. ii. John Winchester, born April 17, 1676. (Boston Records.) Married (1) about 1700, Sarah WHITE; (2) in 1716, Sarah Gardner, the widow of Caleb Gardner and daughter of Solomon Phipps, Jr.; (3) about 1750, Alice Craft, then widow of James Shedd. John Winchester died in 1751 in Brookline
  iii. Mary Winchester, b. 1676, baptized Oct. 13, 1676; died Feb. 19, 1715 (Newton Vital Records.) Married Thomas TROWBRIDGE. (Roxbury Church Records, p. 134.)
  iv. Benjamin Winchester died between 1758 and July 1, 1762, when his will was allowed; married (1) Dec. 31, 1719, Prudence MAY, born Nov. 29, 1694, daughter of John and Prudence (Bridge) May of Roxbury, Mass. (Roxbury Records.) He married (2) June 22, 1726, Elizabeth Chamberlain, daughter of Joseph Champney of Cambridge, Mass. (Town Records of Brookline. )
  v. Ebenezer Winchester married Feb. 13, 1717-18, Martha BUCKMINSTER, daughter of Joseph and Martha (Sharpe) Buckminster. Ebenezer died about 1744, and his widow married (2) Rev. James Brigham of Brimfield. (Framingham Vital Statistics; also, from Capt. John Wood and his Descendants, p. 219.)
  vi. Henry Winchester married June 28, 1705, Frances WHITE. He died previous to 1750.
  vii. Stephen Winchester, baptized Feb. 28, 1686 (old style, 1685, born m. 12, day 28.) (Roxbury Church Records.) Married Jan. 3, 1722, Hannah GULLIVER. He died Sept. 6, 1751. (Town Records.)
  viii. Mehitable Winchester married March 4,1713, Joseph PAYSON or Persson, born Feb. 24, 1686-7.
  ix. Jonathan Winchester, baptized Dec. 30, 1683. (Roxbury Church Records.) Died Aug. 31, 1714. (Newton Vital Records; also, Diary of Samuel Sewall, Jr.)

Thomas GREEN

8. Thomas Green2 (Thomas1), was married in 1630, and died in 1671. He married in 1653 Rebecca Hills, daughter of Joseph Hills and Rose Dunster, of Malden. Rose was the sister of President Dunster, Harvard's first real president. He served 14 years. Thomas resided in Malden as a farmer, and was admitted as a freeman May 31, 1670, a year before his death (will dated 13 Feb. 1671-2, recorded Midd. Prob. 4:116). His widow Rebecca, died in 1674.

Children of Thomas and Rebecca (HILLS) GREEN:

  i. Rebecca Green b. 1654
20. ii. Thomas Green b. 1655
  iii. Hannah Green b 1658
21. iv. *Hannah Green b. 24 Feb. 1659-60 - m. John VINTON
  v. Samuel Green b. 1670

Samuel GREEN

9. Samuel Green2 (Thomas1), b. March 1645, d. 1724, married (1) in 1666, Mary Cook, daughter of Richard and Frances Cook. She died in 1715. He resided in Malden, and appears as Samuel Green, Sen. in the town records.

Children of Samuel and Mary (COOK) GREEN:

  i. Samuel Green b. 1667-8, m. Mary WHEELER 4 May 1694
22. ii. *Thomas Green b. 1669, m. May 10, 1698 Hannah VINTON
  iii. John Green b. 1672
23. iv. *William Green b. 1674, m. May 29, 1707 Elizabeth FARMER
  v. Mary Green b. 1677
  vi. Jonathan Green b. 1679-80
  vii. Martha Green b. 1683
  viii. David Green b. 1685
  ix. Elizabeth Green b. 1687
  xi. Isaac Green b. 1690


11. Edward Farmer2 (John1), was born in 1640, married Mary ____, born abt. 1641. He came to New England between 1670 and 1673 and settled in Billerica. They had 8 children; 4 sons and 4 daughters.

To his youngest son, Oliver, he gave his farm. When this document was written, the farm was in possession of another one of his descendents. He died May 27, 1727. Mary, his wife, died Mar. 26, 1716.

She saved a garrison from an Indian attack during the Indian war by outwitting them. Mary notified the garrison after she discovered the Indians hiding while she and her children were in the garden picking peas.

Children of Edward and Mary ____ FARMER:

  i. Sarah Farmer
  ii. John Farmer
  iii. Edward Farmer
  iv. Mary Farmer
  v. Barbara Farmer
24. vi. *Elizabeth Farmer b. 1680 d. 1761 - m. William Green 1707
  vii. Thomas Farmer
  viii. Oliver Farmer

Rev. Seaborn COTTON

15. The Rev. Seaborn Cotton2 (John1), was born Aug. 12, 1633, and died in 1696. He graduated from Harvard College in 1651 and was ordained at Hampton, N.H. in 1660. He married first on June 14, 1654 to [13.] Dorothy Bradstreet, daughter of Gov. Bradstreet, and granddaughter of Gov. Thomas Dudley. She died Feb. 26, 1671. They had 9 children.

On July 7, 1673, the Rev. Seaborn Cotton married Prudence Crosby. They had 2 children.

Children of Seaborn and Dorothy (BRADSTREET) COTTON:

  i. Dorothy Cotton, b. 1656
  ii. John Cotton, b. 1658
  iii. Sarah Cotton, b. 1660
  iv. Ann Cotton, b. 1661
  v. Sarah Cotton, b. 1663
  vi. Elizabeth Cotton, b. 1665
25. vii. *Mercy Cotton, b. 1666, m. Capt. Peter Tufts
  viii. Abiah Cotton, b. 1669
  ix. Maria Cotton

Children of Seaborn and Prudence (CROSBY) COTTON:

  i. Rowland Cotton, b. 1674
  ii. Wade Cotton, b. 1676


26. Peter Tufts was born in England about 1616, immigrated from Wilby, Norfolk, England to Charlestown, Massachusetts where he is recorded in 1637 "on the Malden side (of Charlestown)". He kept the Malden Ferry with his brother-in law, William Bridge in 1646-7, became ferryman on the Mystic River, succeeding Philip Drinker in that role. This ferry, later known as the Penny Ferry, served the inhabitants of Malden and the upper towns until 1787 when it was superseded by the Malden Bridge. By 1647 Peter had located in Malden, Massachusetts where he was one of the earliest and largest land owners; he also owned land in Charlestown (Somerville), Medford, Malden and Everett. He married Mary Pierce, a daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Pierce of Charlestown. She died Jan. 10, 1702-3, age 75 yrs. He died 13 May 1700, age 83 yrs.

[From Wikipedia;] The Peter Tufts House is a Colonial American house located at 350 Riverside Avenue, Medford, Massachusetts. It is thought to have been built about 1678. Some historians consider it to be the oldest all-brick house in the United States. The house was built by early settler Peter Tufts, whose descendant Charles Tufts would later donate land for the campus of Tufts University.

Their gravestones in Bell Rock Cemetery, Malden, were in excellent condition when this was written.

Children of Peter and Mary (PIERCE) TUFTS:

27. i. *Peter Tufts, b. 1648, m. Mercy Cotton
  ii. James Tufts
  iii. John Tufts, b. 1653
  iv. Mary Tufts, b. 1655
  v. Jonathan Tufts, b. 1657 d. 1658
  vi. Jonathan Tufts, b. 1659
  vii. Elizabeth Tufts, b. 1660
  viii. John Tufts, b. 1664
  ix. Mercy Tufts, b 1668
  x. Sarah Tufts, b.1669
  xi. Persis Tufts, d. 1683
  xii. Lydia Tufts, d. 1683


28. Thomas Hinckley2, eldest son of Samuel1, and Sarah Soule, was born in Kenterdam, England in 1618, and died in Barnstable, Apr. 25, 1706. He played a conspicuous part in colonial affairs, a representative to the "General Court" in 1647, assistant to the Governor in 1680, and served as Governor of the Plymouth Colony from 1681 to 1692. He married (1), Mary Richards, daughter of Thomas Richards of Weymouth, Dec. 6. 1641. She died June 24, 1659. Thomas Hinckley married (2) Mary Glover (nee Smith), 15 March 1659.

Children of Thomas and Mary(RICHARDS) HINCKLEY:

  i. Mary Hinckley, b. 1644
  ii. Sarah Hinckley, b. 1646
  iii. Melatiah Hinckley, b. 1648
  iv. Hannah Hinckley, b. 1650
29. v. *Samuel Hinckley, b. 1652
  vi. Thomas Hinckley, b. 1654
  vii. Bathsheba Hinckley, b. 1657
  viii. Mehitable Hinckley, b. 1659

Children of Thomas and Mary (GLOVER) HINCKLEY:

  i. Admire Hinckley, b. 1661, died 2 weeks later.
  ii. Ebenezer Hinckley, b. 1661-2, died 2 weeks later.
  iii. Mercy Hinckley, b. 1662-3
  iv. Experience Hinckley, b. 1664
  v. John Hinckley, b.1667
  vi. Abigail Hinckley, b. 1669
  vii. Thankful Hinckley, b. 1671
  viii. Ebenezer Hinckley, b. 1673
  ix. Reliance Hinckley, b. 1675

Gov. Thomas Hinckley was deputy of Plymouth Colony in 1645; representative at the "General Court" in 1647; Magistrate and assistant 1658-1680; Governor 1680-1687. One of his children, [29.] Samuel Hinckley (whose mother was Mary Richards), is a direct ancestor of President George W. Bush, as well as an ancestor of the former president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Gordon B. Hinckley.